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What is Nystagmus

Nystagmus is defined as eye movements that are uncontrolled and jittery. It is like a type of constant twitch. Most commonly, the causes might be brain related, and other times it could be from visual problems. Other causes of having Nystagmus could be related to drinking too many alcoholic beverages.

One interesting fact to know is that if this problem is noticed in a newborn baby, it is the sure sign of some type of eye problem that the baby has. If rapid eye movement is something that you notice in your baby, it is very important to have this investigated since it might very well be Nystagmus.

Sometimes, eyeglasses might do some good in treating Nystagmus, but only up to a small degree. Eyeglasses that have prisms have shown a small degree of improvement in people that have nystagmus. And in some diagnosed cases of nystagmus, the wearing of contact lenses have been known to help even more since the lenses move along with the eye movements.

The use of botulinum toxin injections have helped some people with nystagmus. The botulinum toxin injections will hold the muscles of the eyes still, and therefore, the uncontrolled movement of the eyes becomes normalized.

Dietary changes have also been known to help. Scientists have conducted certain studies that are related to the causes of nystagmus. One of the theories they came up with was that some people of whom have this condition are lacking in magnesium and thiamine in their diets. When the subjects in the study ate more foods containing both of these nutrients, their nystagmus demonstrated some large improvements.

Another cause for having Nystagmus are Meniere’s Disease. This is a neurological condition that causes chronic dizziness, sweats, nausea,and many headaches. Getting Meniere’s Disease under control will in turn help the nystagmus condition. Treating Meniere’s Disease involves certain lifestyle changes which include a special diet to manage some of the dizziness symptoms, and possible surgeries to take off the fluid from the inner ear. This can help the disorder, and therefore, nystagmus can be helped.

Another discovery which has been made for treating nystagmus is the use of Gabapentin, a seizure medication that also helps nerve pain. This medication does something by which the area of the brain that controls eye movements is slowed down.

Neurofeedback types of therapy where the brain waves are re-trained have helped some people with nystagmus. This is something to discuss with your neurologist and may be an option that works well in certain cases depending on the situation.