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What is Amenorrhea

This article is a guide to what exactly is amenorrhea and the types of it:

It’s that time of the month again, where dreadful pads, tampons, blood-stained, clothes are the only thing in mind it seems. Even though many women would like to welcome the idea of not having the monthly periods, it is beneficial to go through the monthly cycle. Absence of periods, known as amenorrhea, could indicate a variety of serious underlying medical conditions.

Amenorrhea is divided into two types:

Primary amenorrhea Secondary amenorrhea:

Primary amenorrhea

Primary amenorrhea occurs in less than 1% of adolescent girls of the United States. Common causes of primary amenorrhea include the following:

Chromosomal abnormalities Problems linked to hypothalamus: Normal functioning of the hypothalamus can be disrupted due to excessive exercise, anorexia, physical or psychological stress. Hypothalamus regulates the menstrual cycle; hence disruption may cause amenorrhea. Pituitary diseases: Pituitary gland is another gland in the brain which is involved in regulating menstruation. Lack of reproductive organs: In cases where there is improper development of reproductive organs may also cause amenorrhea. Abnormal structure of the vagina: It may occur in the form of an obstruction which prevents the outflow of blood from the uterus and cervix.

Secondary amenorrhea:

Secondary amenorrhea is much more common than Primary amenorrhea. Some of the common possible causes that produce secondary amenorrhea include:

Pregnancy: Pregnancy is the commonest cause of amenorrhea. Contraceptives: While taking birth control pills, women do not experience the normal monthly menstruation cycle. Breast-feeding: Women who are breast-feeding can develop amenorrhea as well. Even in these cases, ovulation does occur; hence women can get pregnant even without menstruation. Stress: Mental stress temporarily alters the normal functioning of the hypothalamus, responsible for producing hormones of the menstrual cycle. This may cease the ovulation and menstruation temporarily. Medications: Some medicine, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, some of the chemotherapy drugs and oral corticosteroids, can cause amenorrhea. Hormonal imbalance: One of the commonest causes of amenorrhea is hormonal imbalance, commonly presented as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), where there is an imbalance between estrogen and androgen. This results in amenorrhea. Low body weight Thyroid malfunction: Hypothyroidism may increase the production of a hormone prolactin which can disrupt the normal cycle. Pituitary tumor: A tumor can also causes excessive production of prolactin which can result in amenorrhea. Uterine scarring

Treatment of Amenorrhea:

Treatment of amenorrhea depends on the underlying cause of amenorrhea.