Tinnitus is a common affliction that affects one out of five people. A tinnitus sufferer always seems to hear a particular, and mostly annoying, sound, whether it be a buzzing, whistling or some other unusual sound.
The person suffering with tinnitus may “hear” this “sound” directly in their ears or they may even feel like it is in their heads!
Tinnitus is most commonly caused by nerve damage in the inner ear from loud noise trauma.
However, other possible causes such as ear infections, tumors of the brain, hormone changes in women, thyroid problems, heart diseases and Meniere’s disease have all been known to cause tinnitus.
Certain medications can cause tinnitus, so be sure to consult your doctor about the side effects and examine the leaflet and packaging.
Pulsatile tinnitus is another rare form of tinnitus that can be caused by tumors of the brain or other kind of brain problems to do with it’s structure.
Unfortunately, there are cases when people will develop tinnitus for no apparent reason, and it is these people that tinnitus can cause the most annoyance to.
Since the cause of tinnitus is not yet understood, there are many theories in regards to what causes it.
One such theory is that circuits relating to the nervous system are sent out of balance when the normal signals to the brain, the ones that are responsible for processing sound, are altered.
The above theory is largely related to hearing loss as the cause.
It is found that approximately eighty six percent of tinnitus sufferers also have severe sensitivity to certain tones of sound.
The medical term for this is Hyperacusis, and this can make life, at times, pretty unbearable for those that suffer with this since they try to avoid certain types of sounds that cause pain to them.
These sounds wuld not normally be avoided by somebody else not suffering with Hyperacusis.
Vertigo, a sensation of feeling “dizzy”, is also associated with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Sickness is usually accompanied with it.
Both vertigo and tinnitus is connected with difficulties associated with the inner ear and hearing loss is the most common cause.
Other causes of vertigo can be problems with the brain, particularly the cerebellum and brain stem. These two parts of the brain are partly responsible for a person’s sense of balance.
As you have read so far in this article, tinnitus, vertigo and hypercausis can have many causes.
As always, be sure to get a diagnosis from your doctor before seeking any form treatment!