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The Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder involving the pancreas. The pancreas does not release the amount of insulin it is suppose to. Sometimes the pancreas does not release any insulin at all.

Insulin converts the carbohydrates we eat into energy called glucose. Insulin is also responsible for increasing the storage of glucose in our body until our body needs it. The glucose for energy is stored in the liver, muscle and adipose (fat) tissue until ready for usage.

Some of the more common symptoms of diabetes are excessive urination and increased thirst. If you have had undiagnosed diabetes for a time, you could have problems with your vision (blurred), your feet (numbness and tingling) or weakness and fatigue.

Type1 and type 2 diabetes have the same symptoms. In the end, your body is lacking the insulin it needs whether you have type 1 or type 2, but that’s where the likeness ends.

The differences between Type1 and Type2 diabetes are as follows:

Type 1 diabetes:

Type1 diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitis (IDDM). The cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown, although it might be caused from a viral infection or inherited from a close family member. Type 1 diabetes most often occurs in children or teenagers, but not always.

In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin for the body to convert to energy. Sometimes Type 1 diabetes is so severe that the pancreas produces no insulin. Type 1 diabetes requires replacement insulin for treatment.

Type 2 diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes is also called adult onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitis (MIDDM). Type 1 diabetes usually begins around the age of 40, but has been known to occur at an earlier age. Type diabetes symptoms are usually mild. Because the symptoms are so mild, people who have Type 2 diabetes generally don’t know it.

Treatment of Type 2 diabetes begins with diet and exercise, blood glucose monitoring and possibly an oral hypoglycemic medication. Insulin may be used in severe cases. Type 2 diabetes is thought to be caused by poor diet, lack of exercise and childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is believed to lead to “insulin resistance”, a main cause of Type 2 diabetes.

Although the symptoms of excessive thirst, excessive urination and fatigue are the same for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, the severity of these symptoms are different. Type 1 diabetes symptoms are more severe than the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes.

If you have any symptoms of diabetes, you need to see your doctor right away to get diagnosed. Early diagnoses of diabetes will help prevent further damage such as nerve damage, heart disease and blindness.