Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. the thyroid gland is a small organ located in the front of your neck. is responsible for producing thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone has a wide range of functions, primarily involving the regulation of your metabolism. There are several different subtypes of thyroiditis, the most common of which is known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Most of the subtypes of thyroiditis have similar symptoms, although there are some subtle differences between them.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease. It is the most common form of thyroiditis in the United States. An autoimmune disease is a disorder in which the immune system inappropriately attacks normal tissues in the body. In the case of Hashimoto’s, a person’s immune system is attacking the thyroid gland. This leads to inflammation and damage to the gland.
Most people with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis are female. The disorder does tend to run in families, and is more commonly seen in women over the age of 60.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis will cause the thyroid gland to enlarge evenly. This diffuse enlargement will often make the thyroid gland firm. It is possible for one side of the thyroid gland to become larger than the other, causing an asymmetrical lump in the neck. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is not normally associated with pain, although an affected person may complain of slight tenderness and tightness in their neck.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis will often progress to a state of hypothyroidism, which is a condition where not enough thyroid hormone is produced in the body. On rare occasions, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis may cause destroyed thyroid tissue to release thyroid hormone which has been stored. This can lead to a rapid spike in thyroid hormone levels, causing a temporary access of thyroid hormone. Also on rare occasions it is possible for a thyroid gland which is not functioning well enough to become counterproductive. This can lead to the onset of the disorder known as Grave’s disease.
Normally, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and the hypothyroidism associated with it will lead to dry eyes, dry mouth, difficulty swallowing, fatigue, dry skin, weight gain, cold intolerance, puffy face, pale skin, constipation, muscle aches, and weakness. although that list may seem somewhat intimidating, it is important to note that not everyone with hypothyroidism will experience all of those symptoms.
Symptoms of postpartum thyroiditis
Approximately 7 to 8% of women will develop a transient thyroiditis after they give birth. This thyroiditis is known as postpartum thyroiditis. This occurs more commonly in women who have a history of other autoimmune disorders, or a family history of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Symptoms of postpartum thyrioditis are similar to that of any other cause of hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of subacute thyroiditis
This is a less common form of thyroid inflammation. It accounts for about 5% of all cases of clinical thyroid disease. Symptoms are similar to those seen in Hashimoto’s, except that subacute thyroiditis can cause a painfull swelling of the thyroid gland. Difficulty swallowing is quite common. Some degree of a low-level fever is commonly seen.
The exact cause of subacute thyroiditis is not well known, although it is suspected to be related to a viral infection.
If you have further questions about the symptom of thyroiditis, speak with your doctor. The management of thyroid disease varies and depends on the specific symptoms and cause of the problem.