Home / Treatments And Diseases / Stds Stis Syphilis Gonorrhoea Genital Warts Genital Herpes Hpv 1 Hpv 2 Chlamydia Symptoms

Stds Stis Syphilis Gonorrhoea Genital Warts Genital Herpes Hpv 1 Hpv 2 Chlamydia Symptoms

The most common types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts, Gonorrhoea and Syphilis. Here is some information on each of these diseases.


Chlamydia is one of the most commonly reported bacterial infections, affecting mostly women than men. This bacterium can infect the cervix in women and the urethra and rectum in both men and women. Sometimes it can affect other parts of the body like the throat and eyes.


Symptoms appear within 1 to 3 weeks after exposure and may not fully emerge until later. This disease is also known as the Silent disease because symptoms don’t show in most people. People with Chlamydia can experience:

In women….

-Increased vaginal discharge

-The need to urinate more often, also may experience pain while urinating

-Pain during intercourse, or bleeding afterwards

-Lower abdominal pain

-Irregular bleeding

In men…

-A white/cloudy and water discharge from the penis that can stain underwear

-A burning sensation or pain when passing urine

-Pain and swelling of the testicles.

In both men and women, Chlamydia in the rectum rarely causes any symptoms.

How is Chlamydia Transmitted?

-By having unprotected sex, anal or oral, with an infected person

-From a mother to her newborn by vaginal birth

-Can also transmit the infection on fingers from the genitals to the eyes, but this is very rare

If you or your partner thinks you have Chlamydia, go visit your doctor or health clinic.

Herpes Simplex Viruses

There are two types of herpes viruses HSV-1 and HSV-2

-HSV-1 is transmitted orally causing cold sores around the mouth

-HSV-2 is transmitted during sex and affects the genital area


Symptoms occur usually 2 to 7 days after exposure and last up to 4 weeks

-Itching or tingling sensations in the genital or anal area

-Small fluid filled blisters that burst leaving painful sores

-Pain while passing urine over the open sores

-Headaches and backaches

-Flu like symptoms

How is it transmitted?

-Vaginal sex

-Anal sex

-Oral sex (HSV-1 or 2)

-Kissing (HSV-1 )

Genital Warts

Genital warts are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus HPV and can appear on the skin on the genital area. There are more than 100 different subtypes of HPV and 30 of them affect the genitals


If symptoms appear in an infected person they will notice pinkish/white small lumps or large cauliflower shaped lumps on the genital area. These warts can appear on or around the penis, the scrotum, thighs and anus. In women, warts can develop around the vulva, inside the vagina, or on the cervix. If there are warts on the women’s cervix, it can cause a slight bleeding or unusual vaginal discharge.

-Pearly penile papules – these warts are small, white or skin coloured bumps, when numerous they appear in a ring around the edge of the head of the penis.

-Angiokeratomas – these are bright red or purple spots that look like blood blisters

-Sebaceous glands (Fordyce Spots) – These are hard white, yellow or skin coloured little bumps that may be found all over the penis and scrotum in men and the vulva in women.

-Pimples or spots – caused by blocks sebaceous glands. These pimples and spots can form easily around the genital area and may become sore.

How is it passed on?

HPV is transmitted by genital skin to skin contact or through infected genital fluids. It is also possible to pass it on through non penetrating sexual activity.


Gonorrhoea, also known as the clap is an infection cause by the bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrheoae. If affects both men and women, and can infect the cervix, urethra, rectum and throat.


Symptoms occur 1 to 14 days after exposure and men are more likely to notice symptoms. Nearly half the women who are infected may not experience any symptoms. The symptoms include:

In women…

-Abnormal vaginal discharge, and can change to a yellow or greenish colour and develop a strong smell

-Burning when passing urine

-Irritation or discharge from the anus

In men…

-White or yellow discharge from the penis

-Burning or pain while urinating

-Irritation or discharge from the anus

How is it transmitted?

-Vaginal sex

-Anal sex

-Oral sex


This disease is caused by the bacterium Treponema Palladium and can be transmitted by sexual intercourse or childbirth.


The symptoms are the same in both men and women and the symptoms can take up to 3 months to appear. This disease is a slow progressing disease with several stages.

Primary Stage…

-Up to one or more ulcers appear where the syphilis bacteria entered the body. This will be after 21 days after sexual contact with the infected person.

-On the vulva or on the cervix in women

-On the penis in men

-Around the anus or mouth in both sexes

The ulcers take between 2-6 weeks to heal without treatment. If not treated at this point then it will progress to the secondary stage.

Secondary Stage…

Secondary stage will usually occur from 3-6 weeks after the primary stage. The symptoms include:

-Flu like illness, feeling tired and a loss of appetite with swollen glands, can last for weeks or months

-Non itchy rash covering the body or in patches

-Flat, warty growths on the vulva in women and around the anus in men and women

-White patches on the tongue or the roof of the mouth

-Patchy hair loss

During this stage syphilis is very infectious. The symptoms will clear up within a few weeks but may re-occur over the years. Treatment at anytime during these 2 stages will cure the infection.

How is it transmitted?

-It can be transmitted by direct contact with a sore. Other way you can contract it is:

-Having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who is infected

-From a mother to her unborn baby.

So always ALWAYS use protection! And if you experience unusual symptoms, go see your doctor!