A sinus infection usually comes on after a person had suffered from the common cold, viral influenza or an allergy attack. One common symptom of the cold is nasal congestion. When the cold virus establishes its presence in the nose, it causes our body to release a chemical compound called histamine. Histamine causes increased blood flow to the nose and results in the nasal tissues and sinus cavities to become swollen and nasal congestion results.
When the sinus tissues are swollen they tend to produce abnormally large amounts of thick, gluey mucus. The ostium, the tiny hole in which mucus produced by the sinuses are evacuated, is not able to allow the thick and gluey mucus to pass through. This mucus remains trapped in the sinuses.
The swollen and inflamed nasal tissues also prevent natural air from ventilating the sinuses. This allows the bacteria which are normally present in our upper respiratory tract to multiply unchecked. A bacterial sinus infection then develops.
In other words, chronic nasal congestion is the chief cause of sinus infections. Solving nasal congestion problems will prevent one from getting a sinus infection.
Other Causes of Sinus Infection
1. Deviated septum.
A person who is born with a deviated septum would most likely develop a sinus infection. This is so because one side of the nose would be frequently blocked and this prevents natural air ventilation in the sinuses. Bacterial infection will take place as explained above.
2. Enlarged turbinates.
Some individuals have enlarged inferior turbinates. Turbinates are three bony and soft-tissue structures lining the sides of the nasal cavity. The slightest swelling of the mucosa lining these turbinates can result in significant nasal obstruction or congestion.
3. Sinus Polyps.
Sinus polyps are non-cancerous growths occurring in the lining of the nasal passages. Some may be abnormally large and has the potential of obstructing airflow. People prone to allergies and asthma tend to have such growths.
Of late, there have been many reported cases of people diagnosed with fungal sinus infection. Those who are immunocompromised are at risk. However, there are individuals who are extremely sensitive to common molds found in the home. These are toxic black moles and they can cause a person to be extremely weak and sick. Such people would also experience tremendous fatigue and would be having on and off fever. Antibiotics are of no help because the mold has caused the immune system of the person to plummet.
Preventing Sinus Infection
1. Air purifiers are a good investment for the home especially if the in-house air quality is poor. A good air purifier, besides being able to clean the air of allergens, could also trap mold spores released into the air.
2. Adopt proven sinus infection home remedies. Many of these remedies are actually preventive measures to avoid getting a sinus infection by maintaining optimum sinus health.
For those who are chronic sinus infection sufferers, they can tell you how much pain they have to endure when it comes to a sinus headache. So prevention is the key to avoiding unnecessary sinus pain.