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Sars Severe Acute Repiratory Syderome

Severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS).

HOW SARS BEGAN- Sars is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus. SARS was first reported on February 2003 in Asia. a few months after being reported the illness spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. According to the World Health Organization, a total of 8,098 people worldwide became sick with SARS during the 2003 outbreak. Of these, 774 died. In the United States, only eight people had laboratory evidence of SARS. All of those with sars had traveled to other parts of the world with SARS.

Symptoms of SARS-
1. begins with a high fever (temperature greater than 100.4F ).
2. headaches
3. an overall feeling of discomfort
4. body aches
5. mild respiratory symptoms
6. 10 percent to 20 percent of patients have diarrhea
7. After 2 to 7 days, patients may develop a dry cough
8. Most patients develop pneumonia

WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE SARS-
1. Call your health care provider as soon as possible.
2. Call ahead and alert the health care provider before your visit so that precautions can be taken to keep from exposing other people.
3. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
4. Be careful not to expose others.
5. Avoid public transportation (e.g., bus, taxi). Do not go to work, school, out-of-home child care, church, or activities in other public areas until after you are told that you do not have SARS.
6. Follow any other instructions provided by local health authorities.

WHATS HAPPENING ABOUT SARS- The SARS virus has been isolated and this now allows researchers to grow large quantities in the controlled conditions of a tissue culture laboratory. To make a SARS vaccine, the virus is purified and treated to make it harmless. Injecting these so-called dead viruses into the body prepares the immune system so that if the active virus is encountered, it is destroyed before it can cause SARS. Although not yet available, many laboratories around the world are working towards the production of a safe SARS vaccine.