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Risk Factors for Bladder Stones

Bladder stones occur when minerals in the urinary bladder build up into hard “stones.” They may be triggered by foreign objects that get into the bladder or occur when the urine becomes too concentrated and crystallization of materials occurs. They can cause pain, frequent urination, bloody and discolored urine and more. Less common than kidney stones, they usually come from a different urological problem. It is important to understand the risk factors for this condition if you are at risk.

Being a man

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 95% of patients who experience bladder stones are men. Thus you have a much greater chance of this condition if you are male.

Urinary tract infection

If you have a urinary tract infection, you may be more likely to get bladder stones. It is very important to promptly diagnose and treat urinary tract infections because of these and other complications. Symptoms may include painful and frequent urination. Antibiotics can be utilized against these. If the infections are frequent, then the risk is multiplied.

Enlarged prostate

For a number of reasons men might have an enlarged prostate. This can make you more at risk for bladder stones.


According to the Mayo Clinic, age can affect whether you get bladder stones. Most of the time, it affects men age 30 or higher in industrialized countries. Younger people can get them as well, but it is less likely.

Outlet obstruction of the bladder

This is the most common cause. If the flow of urine is obstructed from the bladder to the urethra then bladder stones can develop. A number of conditions can cause this, with the aforementioned enlarged prostate being one of the most common.

Neurogenic bladder

The nerves that affect and control the functioning of the bladder can be affected by many other conditions. These include stroke, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, a herniated disc and more. These are often combined with the enlarged prostate described above. A combination of factors makes bladder stones even more common.

It is very important for men and others at greater risk for bladder stones to understand the factors that can make them more susceptible. There are different treatments that may be utilized in this condition, including the breaking of stones and surgical removal. To the extent possible, the risk factors should be managed to lower the chances of further problems.