Rescue breathing plays an important part in the resuscitation procedure carried out in an emergency management of a victim with circulatory failure and the term given to describe this procedure is the CPR or cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. But, in recent times, the cardio-pulmonary resuscitation had taken a new turn as the experts of many different capacities have advocated the use of cardio-cerebral resuscitation instead, which puts less emphasis on mouth to mouth resuscitation or rescue breathing during such emergency procedures.
Although its acceptability or adaptability is not universal, looking at the reasons why rescue breathing was considered less important will give us an insight as to what are the problems associated with giving rescue breathes during a life support procedure.
One of the arguments in using rescue breaths was the fact that it halts the cardiac massaging done on the same person. This would mean that the brain and the other vital organs would be deprived of vital oxygen due to the absence of circulation even for few seconds at a time. Therefore, interruption to the flow of cardiac massage is taken in as a problem when giving rescue breathing and this can have a significant effect when the resuscitation is done by a layman than a health care professional trained in giving CPR.
Another area that has been focused was the increased complexity of the current CPR techniques due to the number cardiac massages between two rescue breaths as well as due to the necessity of assessing the victim while the resuscitation activity is being performed. Thus, it is thought that, making the CPR process less complex would bring about more benefit that what it does at present.
A third assumption is the fact that, human blood will contain enough oxygen to maintain the cerebral function for several minutes if adequate heart contractility is maintained. Thus, even if a person continues to give cardiac massage instead of giving rescue breathes to a victim, it is possible for that person to maintain the functioning of vital organs for several minutes till such time the victim regains the heart and lung functioning or else advance life support measures are in place.
One other aspect we need to think when it comes to rescue breathes in an emergency situation would be its effectiveness as many factors can influence a good air flow following a rescue breathe.
When considering all these facts and some studies which indicates towards a better outcome when cardiac massages are given without a regular rescue breathes, have stirred up the health care forums world wide as to what makes the perfect resuscitation workup as it is considered to be one of the most vital life saving procedures of all time.