Insulin is a hormone. It helps your body use or store glucose(sugar) from the foods you eat daily. Based on your treatment you will begin to see a noticeable difference in controlling your levels of blood sugar.
Injecting yourself with insulin is less painful than it was a long time ago. Now a days you are given different sites with which you can choose to be the pot where you inject the insulin. You are given aids like injection pens, which come with pre-filled insulin tubes, that you can insert into the pen. There is also longer lasting insulin, that makes the amount of injections, fewer than before. There is also smaller needles that make it almost impossible to feel, when you are stuck with them. If their are easier ways, now a day’s, and less painful methods, then maybe it will ease the minds of the Diabetics that are having to start insulin treatments.
How to use insulin is fairly straightforward. First you and your doctor agree on the amount of insulin, the type and the way you are to take, receive or use, the insulin. This is usually started in a trial and error fashion, where you start at an amount that is suggested by your doctor, and you basically have to try it and see if it works, if not, then you go either higher in amounts or lower. Sometimes You change the time when you are taking the insulin. If you are on a 24 hour insulin, it is taken once a day. If your Doctor finds that you need to, you can break the dosage into two parts, taking it twice a day. Sometimes this is needed to balance your blood sugars, either because of the time you eat, time you exercise, or what have you.
To start off with, before you inject, you need to find an area that is comfortable for you. Either the side of the upper arm, the tummy, or the buttocks. The tops of the thighs can be a place as well. Making sure you have a fresh needle, and enough insulin in the syringe, or other compatible device, because you will need to be sure. Sometimes a person will use the same needle more than once, this is not a good practice, because it can become dirty, and cause infection, or it can be harder to inject the next time you use it, and cause you pain.
I would suggest that you clean the area, either with a cotton ball and alcohol, or a prepackaged alcohol wipe. Hand sanitizer also can be substituted.
Load your needle or make sure there is enough insulin, without any air bubbles trapped. If you get insulin from a vial, then turn the vial upside down, make a slight backward withdraw in your needle, and insert air into the vial. This will get the sir bubbles out, keeping the needle in the vial of insulin, proceed to pull back and insert insulin into the syringe. Keeping it upside down, click it with your fingernail, to ensure all air bubbles are gone, then you are ready.
Pinching a little bit of the skin, you will want to slightly angle the needle as you insert it beneath the skin. If you go directly straight down, you could get into a muscle, and that could cause serious harm.
When you inject be sure to keep needle from moving while in skin, if not, you can get an area which can be a potential infected spot. After inserting insulin into body, clean again with alcohol or something to clean it off.
Dispose of your needle in a safe container. Usually people do not have a biohazard container laying around, so dispose of used needles, and syringes in an area that small children or pets cannot get to.
Keep an eye on the injection site, and note changes to the area to your doctor, or any bruising that you might experience.
First taking insulin can be scary for some people. You must educate yourself with the necessary knowledge and empower yourself. Knowledge can alleviate doubt, which can make you scared. Make sure to tell your Doctor exactly how much you are taking while on insulin, check your blood sugars, and report any high or lows. If the treatment you are on is not producing good results, explore your options.
Sometimes you may need to add insulin to your body to help get better control of blood sugar readings, and levels. Insulin is a proved effective way to lower high blood sugars and to get you under control as quickly as necessary and possible.