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Insulin Fat Cells and Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin thickens the inner lining of blood vessels as well as smooth muscles in the arteries. Thickening of blood vessels lowers the availability of insulin as well as raising the potential for heart attack and other health problems. Most type 2 diabetics have high circulating levels of insulin. The problem is, they are, or have become, insulin insensitive due to many factors connected with high levels of insulin, thickening of the vessels and arteries being one. The more insulin taken, the higher the insulin amounts required, due to reduced insulin sensitivity.

Diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disease where the body does not produce enough, type 1, or properly use, type 2, insulin required for the body to absorb glucose (sugar) from the blood stream. When that happens, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream and levels get dangerously high. Diabetes can cause blindness, heart disease, nerve damage, kidney failure, limb amputations and death.

Prescriptive medications can cause nausea, diarrhea, skin rash, weight gain, respiratory infections, liver damage, headaches and more. Diabetes affects more than 18,000,000 people in the United States.

Insulin sensitizing drugs are used in an effort to make the tissues more sensitive to available insulin, rather than raise the insulin levels. Insulin sensitizing drugs are not without risk.

A protein, adiponectin, found in fat cells is known to be responsible for insulin sensitivity. It appears to work by influencing the liver to secrete less glucose into the blood stream. But, the more fat cell mass you have, the less adiponectin is produced and available. The more fat mass there is, the less adiponectin there is for the liver, the more glucose in the blood stream and the higher the levels of insulin required to keep blood sugar levels under control, which raises the other health risks.

Exercise can reduce fat mass, increase muscle mass and lower the need for insulin. The elimination of carbohydrates is another factor in lowering insulin requirements. Refined carbohydrates are primarily sugars. Additional insulin becomes a non-issue for most diabetics when exercise and carbohydrate intake is addressed. Complex carbohydrates in whole foods don’t pose the same problems as simple carbohydrates in refined foods. High intake of any carbohydrate, and lack of physical exercise to use the stored fats as energy, will cause a rise in blood sugar levels. Using a combination of exercise and lowered intake of carbohydrates, most type 2 diabetics can control the circulating blood glucose levels with lowered, or no, supplemental insulin.
Quality protein, turkey contains the highest quality protein, and a diet high in vegetables and fruits (go easy on the high sugar fruits) will help control blood sugar and insulin levels. You can find a glycemic index on the internet and it will help guide you toward foods that are low in sugars and that reduce or eliminate rapid blood sugar fluctuations.

What is the Glycemic Index (GI)?
The glycemic index describes carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose levels. Low GI carbohydrates produce only small fluctuations in blood glucose and insulin levels, lowering the risk of diabetes and heart disease.