Vertigo is a medical condition that is characterized by dizziness even at times when the patient is stationary. Vertigo is a sort of illusion of motion so to speak. People who are suffering from the said medical condition oftentimes feel a sensation of swirling and spinning. Thus, research studies reveal that 7.4 percent of the population has suffered from vertigo at some point in their lives.
Similarly, there are two classifications of vertigo those that are caused by problems in the inner ear and in the vestibular system or what we call the peripheral vertigo while the second is the central vertigo which is the rigidness that arises from the balance center of the brain. In addition, central vertigo also results into neurological deficits which alter speech and vision.
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of vertigo include vomiting, nausea, unsteadiness and excessive perspiration. In some cases, people who are suffering from vertigo also display symptoms such as difficulty in speaking and blurred vision (central vertigo,) hearing loss and disorders of the central nervous system.
There are different forms of vertigo and each has different complications. Furthermore, vertigo can take the form of 1) benign paroxysmal positional vertigo – the most common form of vertigo 2) vestibular migraine or the association of vertigo and migraines 3) ménière’s disease, a form of vertigo which is associated with extreme nausea 4) vestibular neuritis, a form of vertigo that is caused by viral infections in the inner ear and 5) motion sickness accompanied by nystagmus.
Diagnoses of vertigo can be done in a variety of ways such as electronystagmography (ENG,) rotation tests and MRI.
Treatments for vertigo usually differ depending on its severity, form and classification. Moreover, medical experts have come up with effective treatment techniques that counter the effects of vertigo.
For instance, motion sickness is best prevented than cured and the best way of preventing the occurrence of motion sickness is to avoid rocking boats or chairs and reading in a moving position – normally while inside an automobile.
On the other hand, some forms of vertigo most specifically the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is treated with canalith repositioning procedure, a special medical procedure that caters to vertigo and similar rigidness conditions.
Nevertheless, there are also forms of vertigo which remain “untouched” even up to this day of advances in medical technology. The meniere’s disease falls under such category as further research are needed to find treatment for it.