Gastritis is defined as an inflammation affecting the lining of the stomach. Gastritis often leads to the formation of peptic ulcers; whereas in other cases it causes no permanent damage. Gastritis can be acute occurring suddenly, or chronic occurring gradually. It is important to know about the symptoms of Gastritis and how to treat them because it is one of the most occurring medical conditions.
Gastritis generally produces the following symptoms:
Some major causes of gastritis:
Upset stomach Pain in upper abdomen Indigestion Heartburn Hiccups Nausea Vomiting Loss of appetite Dark stools
Gastritis can be caused by a variety of reasons. Most common ones includes infection, constant irritant, autoimmune disorder, bile reflux, or a blood disorder known as pernicious anemia.
Infections causing gastritis includes by the bacteria, most commonly Helicobacter pylori, viruses, including herpes simplex virus, parasites, as well as fungi.
Gastritis caused by irritation includes:
Long-term consumptions of NSAIDs Alcohol abuse Smoking Chronic vomiting Excessive consumptions of coffee and/or acidic drinks Consuming corrosive substances Trauma
Most common treatment of gastritis:
The treatment option available for gastritis varies and depends on what has caused gastritis. Many of times the gastritis resolves on its own and requires no specific treatment. Some lifestyles changes can also be employed to help cure the conditions. Specifically if the disease is caused by an irritant, such as alcohol, tobacco, acidic drinks like coffee, tea, and carbonated drinks fruit juices contain citric acid, as well as NSAIDS, their use should be discontinued.
Furthermore, patients should take a diet rich in fiber. It is also said that foods which contain flavonoids, such as apples, cranberries, onions, garlic and tea, help in impeding the growth of Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Hence, patients should consume these foods in higher quantity. Also beneficial is avoiding the high-fat foods, as they increase the risk of inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
If the gastritis if caused by Helicobacter pylori, a “triple therapy” regime is prescribed which comprises of a proton pump inhibitor and two antibiotics.
In other cases, medicines given for the treatment of gastritis includes the following:
Antacids are available over the counter and helps in relieving the heartburn and indigestion. Antacids include Aluminum hydroxide, Magnesium hydroxide, Aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide, Calcium carbonate, and Sodium bicarbonate.
H2 blockers are given the decreased the gastric acid secretion of the stomach. They include Cimetidine, Ranitidine, Nizatidine, and Famotidine.
Proton-pump inhibitors and employed to reduce the gastric acid production.