Burnt fingers are a common injury among housewives and among those who are engaged in kitchen related industries. These burns can range from minor burns to major degree burns which run the risk of developing contractures. As with any other burn, the classification of the burns will follow the same nomenclature and it should be said that, blister forming second degree burns, the once which are not extensive, can be seen often in burns related to fingers.
The dangers of such blistering burns would be the possibility of infections, development of scars at the time of healing that can limit the range of movements of the fingers and the adhesion to other fingers in the hand. Therefore, the initial management measures or the first aid measures would play a pivotal role in reducing these complications and bring normalcy to the affected fingers.
As soon as a burnt was noted, the affected fingers should be cooled down as to prevent the heat from further creeping into the deeper layers of the skin. It should be remembered that, even the surface becomes cool, that does not mean that the heat from the deeper layers are being neutralized. The only effective means of getting rid of heat in these deeper layers would be to continuously allow the heat to pass off from the surface of the burn to another medium, which would be the running water. Thus, burnt fingers should be held on to running water for at least 10 – 15 minutes in order to prevent deeper burn injuries and thus the blister formation.
Once the area is cooled off, it is possible to apply a cream of aloe vera to expedite the healing process, but, the wound should not be bandaged in a way that it exerts too much pressure over the wound as well as cover it without letting any ventilation on to the burnt surface. In its initial phase, if the burn involves multiple fingers, each one of these fingers should be separated with a Vaseline coated piece of gauze in order to prevent adhesion from forming.
It should also be remembered that, application of butter or other such products over a burnt surface would do more damage as the heat within is unable to disseminate to the outside and thus would become trapped. Similarly, in case a blister forms, you should not try to burst it as this can lead to infections and further complications.
Following these measures, the hand should be held in its natural position and a splint would be helpful in expediting the healing process. But, the process of splinting should be done by an experienced person as keeping the fingers in an unnatural position can lead to contractures and thus limited range of movements.