OxyContin is the brand name for a very strong painkiller with the chemical name oxycodone. Oxycodone is an opioid painkiller which comes in several forms. It is very effective at controlling pain, but also has many serious side effects and can be addicting, especially if taken in high doses for long periods of time.
Oxycodone comes in several forms with different names. Brand names include OxyContin, OxyFast, OxyIR, Roxicodone and ETH-Oxydose.
OxyIR is the capsule form, which is made only in a 5 mg dose.
OxyContin is the tablet form. This is made in controlled release doses of 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 160 mg tablets. There is also an extended release form made in 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg doses.
OxyFast is a liquid form, used for people who have difficulty swallowing pills.
Roxicodone is a tablet form made in 5, 15, and 30 mg doses, as well as a liquid form.
ETH-Oxydose is a very strong liquid solution.
HOW TO TAKE OXYCODONE
Oxycodone can be taken with or without food. Tablets and capsules should be swallowed whole, not chewed or broken. This is especially important for the extended release formulas.
Missed doses should be taken as soon as possible. If you realize you’ve miss a dose, and it’s almost time for the next one, it is okay to skip the missed dose. Do not try to double up your doses to catch up for a missed dose.
Do not try to make changes to your dosing, either by increasing or stopping your dosing, without talking to your doctor first.
Oftentimes oxycodone is prescribed to be used on an “as needed” basis, although it is not technically indicated for use this way. When prescribed for use on an as needed basis, always follow the instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist regarding proper and maximum dosing.
Oxycodone binds to very specific chemical receptors in the brain and central nervous system. It serves to depress many functions of the central nervous system. Because of this, oxycodone will cause a person to become sleepy and tired. It can also make a person dizzy, lightheaded, and can impair your proper thinking process.
It is important to remember that oxycodone can cause drowsiness, and impaired coordination. You should not attempt to drive, or operate any sort of dangerous machinery while you are taking oxycodone.
Nausea and vomiting is relatively common with oxycodone use. This is often helped by eating smaller meals more frequently.
Alcohol should not be used in combination with oxycodone, as both of them serve to depress your nervous system. The combination of both together can be quite harmful. Additionally, the concomitant use of other sedatives, tranquilizers, and pain control drugs should be avoided for similar reasons.
The effects of oxycodone on pregnant women is not well established, although there is some evidence to show that it can harm the fetus. It is also found in breast milk, so extreme caution should be used if you are breast-feeding.
Constipation is another frequent side effect seen in over 25% of people taking oxycodone.
Some people will be allergic to oxycodone. This can lead to development of a rash, hives, wheezing, shortness of breath, itching, and swelling of the lips, tongue or mouth. if you experience any of these symptoms, stop taking the oxycodone and call your doctor immediately.
Because of its mechanism of action, oxycodone has the ability to create dependence. As such, it should never be taken without a proper prescription and caution should be used in taking high doses for long periods of time.
Oxycodone should not be stopped immediately, as this can precipitate withdrawal reactions. People wishing to stop the use of oxycodone should talk to their doctor to develop a plan for slowly reducing their doses over time.
Although oxycodone is a powerful and effective painkiller, it is also a potentially dangerous medication. Because of these dangers, you should only use oxycodone under the direct supervision of a doctor. Never take oxycodone that is not prescribed specifically for you by your doctor. If you have any questions about oxycodone, or to find out if it may be appropriate for you, speak with your physician.