Elmiron, also known as pentosan polysulfate, is a prescription drug used to alleviate pain and discomfort of the bladder related to interstitial cystitis, a disease that causes scarring and swelling of the walls of the bladder. This drug works by preventing the bladder walls from becoming irritated by forming a layer on the walls of the bladder to protect them from harmful and/or irritating substances in the urine.
Although elmiron can be very helpful in easing the symptoms of interstitial cystitis, it, like all other prescription drugs has potential side effects that can coincide with its use. Most patients who it is prescribed to will not experience side effects or will only experience mild instances of the following side effects, diarrhea, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, dizziness, hair loss, headache, heartburn, moodiness, nausea, rash, stomach pain, and/or upset stomach. Although these side effects are likely less problematic than the condition the medication was prescribed for, patients should tell their doctor as soon as possible if any of the above symptoms become severe or do not go away after a short amount of time.
The following side effects rarely but potentially can occur in patients using this drug, heartburn, mental and/or mood changes, discomfort when swallowing, blood in stool, nosebleeds, bleeding of the gums, and/or other unusual bleeding or bruising.
Very rarely, very serious side effects such as fast and/or pounding heartbeat, tiredness, vision changes, eye pain, dark-colored urine, yellowing of the eyes and/or skin, continual nausea vomiting, and signs of infection such as fever or persistent pain or redness in a particular area of the body, if a patient experiences these effects, they should see their doctor immediately to see if there are other treatment options that would suit them better and produce less overall side effects.
On extremely rare occasions, this drug can cause severe allergic reactions in certain people. If a patient experiences any or more than one of the following symptoms, these are signs of a serious allergic reactions, and they should seek emergency medical attention, immediately, difficulty breathing, hives, or swelling of the face, tongue, lips, and/or throat.
In summary, Elmiron is the main prescription drug that is prescribed by doctors to patients suffering from interstitial cystitis and while it helps many patients who use it, there are also many potential side effects that can occur along with use of this drug, some minor and some major. It is very important that anyone using this drug is aware of all potential side effects and knows when they should seek medical attention if and when certain side effects occur.