Birth control has been practiced for ages. There has always been reasons why having children is not a desirable option. Poverty, war, abusive relationships, or career- each one an important factor to consider when having children. What methods are available for a couple who wants to practice birth control? Here are a few options:
Despite its name, it is not 100 percent secure since it is based on unknown factors. Technically speaking, a woman is most likely to get pregnant for a few days every month, during ovulation. By abstaining from sexual intercourse during this time, the couple is practicing something often referred to as fertility awareness –based methodof birth control (FAM). The key here is to know when ovulation takes place since it is five days before and two days after that fertilization is most likely to happen. Since a woman’s ovulation can vary from one menstrual cycle to another, this is not a secure method.
Although often called The Pill, in reality there are a number of different birth control pills, working in different ways. They all work with the hormones estrogen and progesterone, either in combination or only the progesterone. They basically work in three stages. First, the hormone in the pill prevents ovulation. Secondly, the sperm will not be able to reach the egg since the cervical mucus gets thicker. If, despite all of this, a pregnancy takes place, the lining of the uterus will be too thin to allow the fertilized egg to stick. For somebody who is against abortion it is important to find out which pill only involves the first two steps.
~Condom and Diaphragm~
These function based on the same principle- to prevent the sperm from entering the vagina. When used properly (which many don’t) there is still a risk of pregnancy. To optimize the birth control effect, they are best used together with spermicide, a chemical which kills the sperm.
~Sterilization and Vasectomy~
Tubal sterilization blocks the woman’s fallopian tubes, thus making it impossible for an egg to reach the uterus. A vasectomy works in a similar way, preventing the sperm from getting ejaculated. Instead, it is absorb by the man’s body. While a reversal might be possible, the chance that it will not be possible is very high. Therefore, this is a decision to be taken very seriously.
~Birth Control Patch~
This works in the same way as the birth control pill, but it is not taken orally. Hormones are released from a patch placed on the body. The patch can be a bit costly, but many find the benefit of not having to think about birth control all the time gives a better sex-life. As with the pill, the hormones can cause side-effects, both desirable ones (lighter periods, no acne, for example) as well as less desirable ones (high blood-pressure, tumors).
While each couple has to find out what works best for them when it comes to birth control methods, it is always good to talk it over with a doctor. Certain methods involving chemicals or hormones can react when used in connection with certain medicines. A person’s general health situation also should have a bearing on the decision. Within these precautions, though, the choice is very varied!