Cloudy urine is a very common symptom to encounter while pregnant, and can have a multitude of causes. Fortunately most of these causes are either benign or can be easily treated, however there are a few which can be potentially dangerous to both mother and child. Because of this making a correct diagnosis is essential in ensuring an expectant mother remains healthy throughout her pregnancy.
In many women, pregnancy brings about hormonal and dietary changes that often account for temporary symptoms like cloudy urine. As both eating a lot of dairy products and large meals before you go to sleep can produce cloudy urine the next morning. This is simply a build up of phosphate crystals, and is totally harmless. As well as which, these symptoms are only temporary, and usually disappear after the first urination of the day.
Certain foods, as well as allergic reactions can bring about cloudy urine, as well as a host of other symptoms as well. If cloudy urine is the only symptom, then often this is the result of something you might have eaten which you aren’t used to. Allergic reactions are also common, both to foods and certain medications, although they usually produce several symptoms, rather then just cloudy urine.
Unusual vaginal discharges due to pregnancy are often a cause of cloudy urine in pregnant women as well, and are also usually harmless. If the discharges are discolored or foul smelling, then they could be a sign of infection, and should be checked out by a doctor just to be safe. However cloudy urine with seemingly healthy discharges is a very common thing to encounter during pregnancy, and is again harmless.
There are several sexually transmitted diseases which have cloudy urine as a symptom, including gonnorea. It is always important to have any of these treated before you give birth when pregnant, as many can affect the baby if left untreated for long. For the most part, most sexually transmitted diseases can be easily treated with antibiotics, although some will require more long term management.
Proteinuria is another common cause of cloudy urine in pregnant women, and is basically the passing of excess protein into the urine. This can be a sign of a large range of different problems, although one of the most worrying for pregnant women is preeclampsia, which itself comes with a host of potential problems, some of which can become life threatening.
Pregnancy, because of its effect on the urinary tract, immune system and also urethra can tend to make women more prone to a number of urinary conditions. The most common of these is urinary tract infections, which millions of pregnant women are affected by each year. These infections are usually a result of bacteria having entered the urinary tract and having reached either the bladder or the kidneys.
Most urinary tract infections are easily characterized by both cloudy urine, and some kind of pain and disruption to the usual urinary pattern. In some cases however there is little or no pain displayed, making the diagnosis a little more difficult. Added to this is the fact that many pregnant women may have cloudy urine due to hormonal changes and dietary causes. As well as pregnancy itself disrupting urinary patterns, then the diagnosis is even more difficult to make accurately.
As a general rule, if cloudy urine is encountered only once, or for only a day or so, then the causes are likely to be benign and are nothing to worry about. However if cloudy urine persists for over a couple of days, or is accompanied with other symptoms such as pain when urinating or blood in the urine, then a medical diagnosis is needed.
The normal process for diagnosing cloudy urine is to conduct a urinalysis, involving a mid stream urine sample. This is then sent for laboratory testing, and the type of infection can be determined. In most people, this isn’t required, and a urinary tract infection is usually easily treated. However in pregnant women, the condition often takes longer to treat, and so a urinalysis is more often performed.