The availability of so many options makes it difficult to select the best type of contraception. Before you decide on the type of contraception to use, ask yourself what should be prioritized. Contraceptives will offer protection against unwanted pregnancy but only a few of them have the power to stop the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
If you are still in the beginning of a relationship or if you lack a partner, go for a condom. Condoms feature among the most certain contraception methods that also offer STD protection. Never agree on sex without a condom before your partner gets tested for STDs.
Other types of contraceptives can be selected based on the age, health and physiology of the woman in the couple. It will be best to consult a medic, when making the selection.
* Under the age of 20
Young women should rely on condoms or contraceptive pills. The use of contraceptive pills should begin at least two years after the start of menstruation.
A variety of contraceptive pills is available on the market. These offer 99 percent protection against unwanted pregnancy, in case they are taken as prescribed. Contraceptive pills feature different concentrations of hormones. Some pills are especially suitable for younger women due to the minimal hormone content.
Contraceptive pills prevent the release of an ovum, thus minimizing chances of unwanted conception. Since they hinder natural processes like ovulation, a break should be taken every two to three years to allow the body to recover from the effects of artificially administered hormones.
* Age of 21 to 35
Women aged between 21 to 35 years can make use of all available contraception methods. Pills and condoms are still most recommendable.
Ladies who have yet not given birth should refrain from using an intrauterine device or a coil. The coil is a type of contraceptive that is positioned in the womb. It acts as a hindrance to the union and survival of sperm and egg cells.
Women in this age group can also go for vaginal contraceptive rings. These rings function in a manner similar to contraceptive pills. The ring is made of silicone and positioned inside the vagina. It releases small amounts of hormones that prevent unwanted pregnancy. The best part about contraceptive rings is that they are positioned only once a month.
Remember that all these contraception methods provide no protection against STDs. If you are not in a committed relationship, you should rely entirely on the use of condoms.
* Age of 35 to 45
Women in that age group can use intrauterine devices.
The selection of hormone-based contraceptives could be limited because of hormonal diseases, smoking or other health factors.
The World Health Organization recommends the usage of hormonal injections. These injections are needed once every three months. The combined hormones provide quite certain protection against unwanted pregnancy.
Tubal litigation is a surgical procedure that women can undergo in case they have decided to permanently disable their ability to have children. The child-bearing functions of the body cannot be restored once a woman undergoes the procedure.
* Aged over 45
After the age of 45 many women experience menopause but some continue having menstruation for several more years.
The selection of contraceptives in that age group should be done carefully, because of the numerous changes that affect the body as age progresses.
Medics recommend the usage of hormonal contraception which is highly efficient and able to cure some gynecological conditions. Hormonal contraception is contra-indicative in cases of heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases.
Surgical sterilization is another possibility after the age of 45.
Before deciding on any contraception, consult a medic. You need to know whether your body will support the usage of hormonal contraception or whether any medical conditions will prevent you from using specific types of contraceptives.