Cycling has quietly gained popularity among athletes. Even though it is a low impact exercise cycling is a great way to stay fit and in shape. However, there are risks of getting injuries quite often. Most injuries occur by performing too much within a short amount of time or performing vigorous exercise without proper training.
The most common condition affecting cyclists all over involves knee pain. Knee pain can be acute or chronic depending on its cause. The severity of the pain can also vary, being mild or severe enough to cause disability. The most common cause of knee pains to cyclists results from wrong practices that the bikers choose. Firstly, it is important not to ride too hard in a little amount of time. Most bikers will try to choose a difficult routine in the beginning of their training. Without proper training, the body has little or no ability to adapt and can result in injury. Hence, it is important that you be patient and chooses a routine with minimum difficulty. Furthermore, do not increase the average weekly mileage too soon. Improper bike position can also lead to knee pains due to injury.
There are other causes of chronic knee pains in cyclist as well. The treatment of knee pains depends on its cause; hence, it is important to have a proper diagnosis of the knee pain. Commonly, knee pains in cyclist are due to Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, Chondromalacia, Osteoarthritis, Iliotibial Band Syndrome, Sprains and Strains.
The Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, also known as Runner’s Knee, is the pain experienced around the knee cap. Most often it is aggravated by activity. The treatment involves rest initially. You can shift to other low-impact exercises which do not put too much pressure on the affected knee. However, exercises that strengthen the inner side of the quadriceps muscle can prove to be helpful. It is important to remember not to put stress on your knee and bend it as little as possible. Seat of the bicycle should be kept high to put less stress on the knee.
Chondromalacia affects the cartilage present under the knee cap, resulting in chronic knee pain. Its treatment involves rest, and icing the area to reduce inflammation. For pain, anti-inflammatory, such as ibuprofen, are given. Also important are the stretches and strengthening exercises of the quadriceps.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is an inflammatory condition that is really common. Its treatment involves anti-inflammatory medication and rehabilitation exercises with minimal stress to the knee joint.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome produces pain on the outer side of the knee. Its treatment involves resting the knee joint as well as following R.I.C.E; rest, ice, compress, and elevate.