Bleeding gums can be incredibly worrying, yet so many people simply ignore them or pass them off as the result of vigorous tooth brushing. There are many things that can cause bleeding gums, and in order to cure your bleeding gums you need to establish the reason for them.
According to the NHS the most common cause of bleeding gums is gum disease, and the majority of these cases are through gingivitis which means an inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is caused by a long term build-up of plaque on the teeth and gums, and if it is not removed then it becomes a substance called tartar which will stick to the base of the gums and cause inflammation and irritation. The gums can become red and tender to the touch and they will often have a shiny appearance.
Gingivitis must be treated by a dentist or dental hygienist because if it is left untreated then it can lead to the development of periodontitis which can lead to tooth loss.
Some medications such as oral contraceptives and anti-depressants can cause bleeding gums. This happens because the medication causes a change in hormonal levels and there are many hormone receptors in the gums. A hormonal imbalance can cause excess fluid in the gums which causes them to become red, swollen and bleed.
Many people think that the harder you brush your teeth the more good it will do but this is not true. Brushing your teeth too hard will scratch your gums and leave them susceptible to infection. Use a light, even pressure when brushing your teeth.
Bristles that are too hard for your teeth and gums will cause your gums to bleed, they can scratch and bruise the gums. Choose a medium bristled brush to ensure the health of your gums.
Smoking can cause an excess of tartar on the gums which can lead to an increased risk of gingivitis, and quitting smoking can greatly increase the health of your gums and reduce your risk of gum disease.
Gum disease can be far more serious than most people think; having gum disease can greatly increase your risk of developing heart disease. The plaque from your gums can enter your bloodstream through tiny blood vessels and cuts on your gums. This then builds up in the walls of your arteries clinging to fatty deposits in your arteries. This then narrows the arteries which means the blood cannot flow through properly, and this can cause a blood clot or a heart attack. Research has shown that those who suffer with periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to develop coronary artery disease.