Attention deficit disorder (ADD) or Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which certain kid behaviors become troublesome to the child as well as to the people who surround the child. It can be hard to differentiate it with normal kid behavior although when the signs and symptoms related to ADD manifest at various instances in a consistent manner, it may well worth checking and seek support of a qualified health professional.
What are the hallmarks of ADD?
There are three characteristic features of ADD. These include inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. However, not all children with ADD will behave in an impulsive manner or be hyperactive. Thus, depending on the predominate manifestation; there can be several categories of ADD children.
What are the different types of ADD?
Among ADD children, there can be a group which show primarily inattentive symptoms but not hyperactivity or impulsivity. Then there can be a group which primarily show signs of hyperactivity and impulsivity but can pay attention to a certain extent. The third category is the children who will show all three characteristics and it is considered the commonest form of the ADD.
What are the inattentive symptoms of ADD in children?
Such children will have trouble staying focused and could easily be distracted by his or her surroundings. They may not pay attention to details and can make many careless mistakes in what they are doing. Parents or teachers may feel the child not listening when spoken to and may have trouble remembering things as well as to follow instructions.
They may also feel bored before a task is completed and this may prevent them from finishing projects and other homework. The same may happen when the activity is repetitive. Misplacement of books, toys and other items frequently is another identifiable symptom of ADD.
What are the hyperactive symptoms of ADD?
Hyperactive children may not be able to sit and wait for even few minutes even in the classroom. They may talk excessively and move around constantly which usually is interpreted as inappropriate. They may not be able to play quietly and could run or climb inappropriately as well. Having a quick temper is also noticeable among these children.
What are the impulsive symptoms?
These are the acts performed without thinking and sometimes it can bring disastrous results. Children may find it difficult to wait for their turn and may answer loudly and inappropriately in the class room. They can show a tendency to intrude into other people’s work while impulsivity can often lead to angry outbursts and temper tantrums. Teachers may often notice the child not taking time to solve questions but try to work on guesses. At the same time, parents of such children may often be afraid as these children tend to say the wrong thing at the wrong time.
How to differentiate ADD from usual child behavior?
As mentioned earlier, it is the frequency of the symptoms and the consistency of the symptoms which can distinguish an ADD child although this may not be an easy task in all ages. However, among preschoolers, impulsivity should be the guiding symptom while when the child grows older, all three features of ADD may become apparent.
Does ADD need treatment?
The myth of ADD will be outgrown by the child should not persuade parents to wait as ADD can often progress into the adult life. At the same time, when considering the disruption it causes to the child in his or her learning and socializing efforts, it is important to intervene as early as possible rather than wait.
What are the treatment modalities for ADD?
Treatment involves many different aspects and medications only play a small role in ADD. However, behavioral therapy could improve the child’s ability to deal with emotions and other thought processes while engaging in organized and constructive work. At the same time, these children need lots of love and care from the parents as well as from the others surrounding them while properly understanding the child’s behavior as a disorder in caring for the child.
These children need to be engaged in interests of their choice and the learning and play activities need to be innovative and interesting for them to keep focus. They would also prefer rewards when things are done right and parents need to make them understand good or bad consequences of things that they tend to do. Clear communication and consistency are also a must for proper parenting while properly understanding the child’s weaknesses and strengths will enable designing tasks which are suited to the child with added interests.