Unless you suffer from the Attention Deficit Disorder or are familiar with those who do, the terms used for Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are the same. ADD is used as a generic term to describe all the symptoms of ADHD, but nowadays, ADHD is the proper term to use.
There are three classic symptoms that define ADHD, but there is no standard test for ADHD. The disorder is hard to diagnose, and cannot be diagnosed on observations made by parents, relatives, neighbors, and school personnel. ADHD can only be diagnosed and treated by an ADHD specialist. ADHD occurs early in childhood before the age of 7. Children in pre-school or younger are usually diagnosed through psychologists, psychiatrists or pediatricians.
The three classic types and symptoms for ADHD are:
1) Inattentive/Impulsive/Hyperactive Type. The most common type of ADHD includes hyperactivity.
2) Hyperactive/Impulsive Type. The child is hyperactive, but can still pay attention.
3) Inattentive Type. ADD was the term used in the past for this symptom. Inattentive types are not disruptive or hyperactive, but may daydream or lack concentration to organize or complete projects.
ADHD is linked to heredity factors, and not the result of poor child rearing. Children with ADHD may suffer from low esteem or are blamed as being stupid or lazy. If not diagnosed properly, the symptoms of ADHD may be mistaken for anxiety, lack of sleep, vision or hearing problems, learning disabilities, bipolar disorder, seizure disorders, and depression.
ADHD is partially the inability for the individual to mentally focus. It’s where the sufferer has a higher level of activity than most children or adults. Once a child is diagnosed with ADHD, the treatment may include medicine, therapy, emotional support, and a chance for the individual to develop new coping skills. When not diagnosed and treated, ADHD could mean academic failure, failed relationships, alcohol and drug abuse, and delinquent behavior.
Although people with ADHD require structure and control over their environment, they are also known for natural talents and abilities. When distracted from the symptoms of ADHD, they are creative individuals who are flexible, enthusiastic and spontaneous. They have energy and drive when able to concentrate on projects and goals.
30-40% of children diagnosed with ADHD continue into adulthood. Whether you are a child or an adult with ADHD, you are in good company. A long list of famous people with ADHD includes United States presidents, inventors, athletes, authors, and entertainers.